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Research Paper On Death Penalty

Death penalty is also known as capital punishment or execution. Societies from all over the world have used this sentence at one point in history, in order to avenge criminals. Most common reasons for being sentenced to death were war crimes, war treason, murder and espionage. Back then, the capital punishment was almost always accompanied by torture, and executions were public. Moreover, the most employed execution method was by beheading and hanging.

Nowadays, death penalty is used for people who commit what is called capital crimes or capital offenses. These consist in first degree murder, acts of terrorism, espionage, drug trafficking, religious crimes and acts against national security. In some muslin countries, offenses like adultery, blasphemy, sorcery and rape are also considered capital crimes and are being punished by execution. Persons who were under 18 when committing the capital offense are exempted from death penalty. However, several Arabic countries don’t respect this exception and have carried out executions of underage felons

While in some societies, violent death penalties are still being employed – like shooting, hanging, electric chair and gas chamber – in most countries, these have been replaced with a painless method – the lethal injection.

Death penalty is still used in practice, in modern days, in countries like USA, China, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Japan, Somalia, Sudan, Malaysia, Vietnam, Taiwan, Indonesia, Nigeria, Afghanistan and more.

As it is only normal, there are a lot of debates for and against the capital punishment.

The first argument in favor of death penalty is that it discourages people from committing felonies and so, the crime rate decreases. Those tempted to do bad deeds would think twice before acting, when knowing there’s a possibility of being executed for their acts. As proof that this theory is applicable in reality is the study from the late 1960’s. It shows that in the years following the capital punishment abolition, the crime rate increased with 7%.

Next, some people state that this is a logic punishment for those who commit crimes against humanity and violate others’ rights to life, freedom and safety. Everyone can act on their own judgment, but in the end, they have to support the consequences. Related to this theory, there are voices saying that death penalty only continues the series of violence. Therefore, it avenges one’s deeds by committing the same crime against humanity – taking the life of a human being.

Some people are even thinking about the costs of keeping a felon imprisoned for life versus executing him/her. On one hand, it costs governments a fair amount of money to support a person throughout an entire life – this one pays for food, health care, security, electricity, and so on. On the other hand, while execution may seem a cheaper solution, it is not that simple. Until the final verdict, long trials and countless appeals take place.

In the end, we have to remember that there have been cases when innocent persons have been wrongfully executed. Unfortunately, these kinds of mistakes can never be redeemed.

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