Research Paper on Abortions
One of the biggest debates of today is whether or not abortion should be legal. Years after Roe Wade declared abortion as a fundamental right in the US Supreme Court, there are still many opponents of this idea. Opponents or otherwise referred to as pro-life believe that there is already a person at conception, which means that abortion is killing of a human being. On the other hand, proponents believe that abortion is a right that should not be limited in any sense.
According to proponents of the idea, the number of women opting for abortion is still the same, regardless of it being legal or not. If a woman decides to remove the fetus before it becomes viable, she can still do this. However, not allowing them to enjoy this right legally leads to many unsafe abortions, which results in over 70 thousands maternal deaths on a worldwide level.
Even though the pro-choice group believes that abortion is a right that should not be limited by religion or law, pro-life believe that this is a murder. They say that abortions cause suffering of an innocent, yet unborn child and are even more unfair since there are many who cannot have a child and are waiting to adopt. It was actually in 2010 that Dave Heineman, the Nebraska's Governor banned abortion at or after 20 weeks due to fetus pain.
Generally speaking, there are many variations in arguments aside from the main points these two groups of the debate present. Aside from the strict pro-life and pro-choice ideas, there are some who believe that abortions should be allowed as a last resort or only in cases of incest, rape or when the woman's life is at risk because of the pregnancy. The measure of abortions advantages and disadvantages is somewhat equal, which makes this an extremely delicate topic to both the society in general and the individual.
The history of abortions is big, starting from banning it due to fetus pain to legalizing it in more advanced countries. It was in April 2010 that Oklahoma decided to allow abortions only after the pregnant woman has heard her fetus's heart and listened to a description of her fetus. A year later, Arizona became the first to criminalize abortions on the basis of race or sex of the fetus.
Regardless of the history of abortion, this remains a highly performed procedure on a worldwide level with over 1.4 million abortions per year. Now that it is a fundamental right of a woman in many countries worldwide, including the US, this procedure has higher chances of being performed correctly, which leads to a reduce in maternal death due to abortions. And even though pro-life opinions are against abortions due to beliefs that the fetus is already a person, it is now believed that the fetus does not become a person until it reaches a point where it is viable.
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